PRE – COLUMBIAN ART
ART, PAINTING COURSES AND WORKSHOPS
In ancient South America – Peru, the Earth was considered as a live and sensitive being that gave life to all beings and manifested itself through the granting of life´s fruit. In our painting workshops and holidays, we will refer to the occult forces and spirit of things, as we will get introduced to the religious beliefs, myths and philosophy the human being developed to explain the world.
These courses allow you to get to know the indigenous artistic style, for you to better visualize the panorama around its authors´ cosmology.
CHOICE OF THEME:
THE PUMA MAN
A JOURNEY THROUGH TIME AND SPACE
The Pumaruna (Puma Man) is a central character in pre-Columbian art and we find him in all of Peru´s ancient cultures. So, in this painting workshop, we will discover the great diversity of his manifestations, navigating through different cultures and time periods.
TOTEMS AND HYBRID BEINGS
WHEN THE ANCESTOR PROCEEDS FROM AN ANIMAL
In the indigenous world, fusions among human beings, divine beings and animals are possible. Let´s discover this so magical world, taking the totemic beings as sources of inspiration.
THE FINE ART OF THE SANGUINARY
The issue of human sacrifices is as repugnant as attractive. Especially, parting from an Occidental worldview, it is almost impossible to understand such rituals.
However, pre-Columbian art teaches us to see the world differently and opens up for us, a very different vision of death.
NATURAL ART AND EXPRESSIVE FREEDOM
900- 1400 A.C.
With the Chancay culture, the painted textile art in the ancient Peru, reached its maximum splendor. The painted textiles stand out for their contemporaneousness and their lively and vivacious composition. Three techniques were applied: Directly with a free hand brush, with stamps and the dying of the textile, with the knotted method (similar to the Batic). The artist lets himself be guided by the instinct and intuition, through the miracle and unexplainable. It is the deepest, most direct and most natural relation with art, as well as the spontaneous manifestation of the act of getting marveled before the world and to magically take possession of it.
THE MASTERS IN ABSTRACTION
500 – 900A.C.
The Huari culture´s art impresses through the aesthetic beauty of its abstractions, which stand out for their elegance and pulsating vibration. In our painting holidays and workshops we’ll see that the Huari textiles were true visual bibles that displayed a whole doctrine which was simultaneously an offering and an appraisal based on beauty. The tunics were used as ceremonial garments as much for life, as for death and the Priests wore an ideological cosmos on their shoulders. The abstraction process developed in a highly marked way, giving an interesting focus on their artistic concepts.
THE ART OF NARRATION THROUGH PAINTING
100 – 800A.C.
The Mochica culture left us with a legacy of not only amazing mural paintings, but also with decorated pottery with finest brush painting technique. The Mochicas managed to set their cosmovision on a cream colored and red ceramic, in the way of a visual narration. What calls most our attention is the dynamism of the scenes and movement of the characters. The themes are related to the magical and religious world and thus, we can appreciate combats, processions, ritual ceremonies, holding heads by the hair, hunting of deer, foxes, felines, seals, erotic scenes and ritual races.
PARACAS –IN THE MAZE OF
ENDLESS TRANSFORMATION AND VISUAL TRICKS
1000 B.C. – 200 A.C.
Nature, reality and the magical and religious world; everything is moving, changing and recreates itself in each instant. Not only did the Paracas artists “thematize” the physical appearance of a human, vegetable or divine being, but they also manifested it in its totality, with its full potential in which creation, fertility and development are fundamental. They wove and embroidered robes that were ritual shrouds for the mummified. Our painting holidays and workshops will show you how the shape and contents unite to the power of a visual metaphor and repeat themselves with other components, creating thus a dynamic conceptual rhythm. Paracas is polychromy turned into a loom, the symbolic reading of a fabulous pantheon of gods and their mythical narrations.
OUR PAINTING TECHNIQUES:
Aniline based Water color painting
Dying pigments that can be found on popular markets in Peru reflect the explosion of colors in indigenous textiles. Obtained from the Indigo plant and Coal essence, these pigments are very useful for water colors, brightness or highlights and are softened by dilution, thus obtaining fine hues.
Painting with earth pigments
In Peru, earth pigments are very colorful and varied. Apart from the browns, reds, yellows, whites and purple stand out. In our painting holidays and workshops you will also learn their preparation process and applications in the different painting techniques. The addition of certain adhesives allows mixtures of much effect and piles up intense and even transparent layers. Curiosity and desire for experimentation will be limitless…